Recently an update to Azure Functions has been published containing proxies and integration with Serverless framework. In a nutshell it's a tool for building serverless architectures. Don't get the name fool you - in fact there's a server behind the whole functionality and still all principals regarding web development are true. What in reality it gives you is focusing only on the very functionality of your application. There're no pipelines, layers or areas - you're going to ensure that each component follows the single responsibility pattern and can be deployed separately.
We're going to build a very simple application using Azure Functions and Serverless to present the current capabilities of the integration.
Provisioning you environment
I decided, that the easiest solution here is to obtain a pre-configured Ubuntu VM with installed NodeJS - you can easiliy get it from the marketplace in the portal. Once you have it, connect to it(as usual in my case, from Windows PuTTY seems like the best idea) and we can start. Type in following commands:
sudo npm install -g serverless
serverless install --url https://github.com/azure/boilerplate-azurefunctions --name ServerlessExample
Those two will:
- install Serverless globally
- install a new service locally using name ServerlessExample
Once it's finished, you can go to the ServerlessExample directory - you'll see some files which are the core of our application. In fact, this boilerplate gives us all we need to get started as the example is fully functional.
Deploying a function
Before you're able to deploy your function to Azure you have to provide a credentials for deployment. The whole process is pretty well described here, however I attaching it here with my comments because in my case it didn't go as flawlessly as I thought:
bitnami@nodejsblog:~$ sudo npm i -g azure-cli
bitnami@nodejsblog:~$ azure login
bitnami@nodejsblog:~$ azure account show
bitnami@nodejsblog:~$ azure login
bitnami@nodejsblog:~$ azure ad app create -n service_name --home-page http://www.my-app.org --identifier-uris https://www.my-app.org/example -p pass
bitnami@nodejsblog:~$ azure ad sp create -a application_id
bitnami@nodejsblog:~$ azure role assignment create --objectId object_id -o Contributor
bitnami@nodejsblog:~$ export azureSubId='<subscriptionId>'
bitnami@nodejsblog:~$ export azureServicePrincipalTenantId='<tenantId>'
bitnami@nodejsblog:~$ export azureServicePrincipalClientId='<servicePrincipalName>'
bitnami@nodejsblog:~$ export azureServicePrincipalPassword='<password>'
Note that I used azure ad app create command additionally - in my case it was not possible to simply create a service principal using only a name and a password.
You can ensure that you've added environment variables using printenv command. Once you configured your credentials, go to the directory of your service and just run:
You should see following output:
Serverless: Packaging service...
Serverless: Logging in to Azure
Serverless: Creating resource group: ServerlessExampleKamz-rg
Serverless: Creating function app: ServerlessExampleKamz
Serverless: Waiting for Kudu endpoint...
Serverless: Parsing Azure Functions Bindings.json...
Serverless: Building binding for function: httpjs event: httpTrigger
Serverless: Packaging function: httpjs
Serverless: Building binding for function: queuejs event: queueTrigger
Serverless: Building binding for function: queuejs event: blob
Serverless: Packaging function: queuejs
Serverless: Syncing Triggers....Response statuscode: 200
Serverless: Running Kudu command del package.json...
Serverless: Running Kudu command npm install --production...
Serverless: Successfully created Function App
Now when you go to the portal, you'll see a new resource group created and function deployed.
In the next post we'll try to do more advanced configuration and consider involving VSTS and incorporating the framework into our build/release pipeline.